Katale Khor

September 4, 2019
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If you happen to wander around in the hearts of the mountain in Ganbha which is 155 km South of Zanijan. The  big mountain is called Katale Khor which means low height Mountains (Katale) and sun (Khor). Making together, it suggests, “sunrise behind the mountain.”

A Story of Exploration

Identified  before 1921, the cave was formally recorded as  Jamali Zanjani.  An exploration story goes that  around 1964, a mountaineers team didn’t succeed  to explore into the cave. Because of the tapered entry corridor and low-height ceiling. In 1986, a squad of talented cavers somehow managed to go deeper and connected its shaping  to the Jurassic period, that is, over 120 million years go.

Exploration story is interesting: about 1964, a team of mountaineers failed to delve into the cave as a result of the narrow entry corridor and low-height ceiling. In 1986, a squad of proficient cavers managed to go deep and related its formation to the Jurassic period, that is, over 120 million years go.

If you happen to wander around the Katale Khor  you will discover the oasis of history of wilderness hidden in natural wonders. It will easily leave you wondering.

Creation of the Cave

The mechanical weathering and internal forces of nature worked together to  create the cave and inner cracks and faults are developed into a cave. The rectangle cave, 2000 by 1500 meters  is composed of or containing or resembling calcium carbonate or calcite or chalk in which clay and iron-oxide soils are exceptionally visible.

With 3 distinctive floors, the cave holds a couple of contributory tunnels and chief passageways which are decorated with  a cylinder of calcium carbonate hanging from the roof of a limestone called stalactites. A cylinder of calcium carbonates projecting upward from the floor of a limestone cave alongside columns.

The impure conical icicles or water ice hangs down the ceilings are seen in different colors; those with pure compounds are transparently crystalized.

Rajko’s cave

Another natural monument, that can make you surprise is a Rajko’s Cave which is situated in the lower slope of Homolje Mountains.  It is well-hidden in the midst of the big trees, flowing rivers, and stout rocks. The cave gives a good impression of the nature’s creation.

Evolved out of a number of geological  phenomena such as avalanche earthquakes, and corrosions, the cave is much loved by the cavers,  rock climbers, and usually by the sport climbers.

Review #2

Nestled in the hearts of mountain, the cave is a crowd puller, near Garmab, 155 km south of Zanjan. As for naming, Katale refers to low-height Mountains and Khor means the sun; together it connotes sunrise behind the mountain.

Discovered before 1921, the cave was officially registered in the name of Jamali Zanjani.

Exploration story is interesting: about 1964, a team of mountaineers failed to delve into the cave as a result of the narrow entry corridor and low-height ceiling. In 1986, a squad of proficient cavers managed to go deep and related its formation to Jurassic period, that is, over 120 million years go.

The cave has been created as a result of mechanical weathering and internal forces, which have worked together to develop inner cracks and faults. The rectangle cave, 2000 by 1500 m, is calcareous in which clay and iron-oxide soils are remarkably visible.  In 3 distinctive floors, the cave holds a couple of subsidiary tunnels and main passageways are bedecked with stalactites and stalagmites alongside columns. The impure conical icicles hanging down the ceilings are seen in different colors; those with pure compounds are transparently crystalized.

The dry-wet cave is seemingly as old as the marvelous Alisadr Cave, in Hamedan, although it is not a water cave on any account.

Evolved due to many geologic phenomena such as earthquakes, landslides, and corrosions, the cave is much loved by rock climbers, cavers, and generally by sport climbers. Although 4 km at its far end is not yet discovered, the cave receives interested sightseers in 3 sections: the first 2 km suits ordinary travelers; including 1/3 of the entire cave. The second part, where cultural ceremonies are usually held, contains a hall with an artificial exit. And what is left is a well-deserved journey for eager cavers.

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