Katale Khor

February 22, 2019

Nestled in the hearts of mountain, the cave is a crowd puller, near Garmab, 155 km south of Zanjan. As for naming, Katale refers to low-height Mountains and Khor means the sun; together it connotes sunrise behind the mountain.

Discovered before 1921, the cave was officially registered in the name of Jamali Zanjani.

Exploration story is interesting: about 1964, a team of mountaineers failed to delve into the cave as a result of the narrow entry corridor and low-height ceiling. In 1986, a squad of proficient cavers managed to go deep and related its formation to Jurassic period, that is, over 120 million years go.

The cave has been created as a result of mechanical weathering and internal forces, which have worked together to develop inner cracks and faults. The rectangle cave, 2000 by 1500 m, is calcareous in which clay and iron-oxide soils are remarkably visible.  In 3 distinctive floors, the cave holds a couple of subsidiary tunnels and main passageways are bedecked with stalactites and stalagmites alongside columns. The impure conical icicles hanging down the ceilings are seen in different colors; those with pure compounds are transparently crystalized.

The dry-wet cave is seemingly as old as the marvelous Alisadr Cave, in Hamedan, although it is not a water cave on any account.

Evolved due to many geologic phenomena such as earthquakes, landslides, and corrosions, the cave is much loved by rock climbers, cavers, and generally by sport climbers. Although 4 km at its far end is not yet discovered, the cave receives interested sightseers in 3 sections: the first 2 km suits ordinary travelers; including 1/3 of the entire cave. The second part, where cultural ceremonies are usually held, contains a hall with an artificial exit. And what is left is a well-deserved journey for eager cavers.

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