Jahan Nama Protected Area – Iran’s Tourism Platform
Iran’s tourism platform Jahan Nama Protected Area is situated in the east part of the Alborz Mountains, exactly between 36º35′ and 36º42′ northern latitudes and 54º08′ and 54º36′ eastern longitudes, with an altitude of ranging from 800 to 3100 m.
The complicated topography and habitat heterogeneity not only influence the area by the humid Caspian climate in the north. Mediterranean-like climate in the south have caused the formation of diverse vegetation types including deciduous Montane forests, cold-resistant Juniper woodlands, Montane steppes, grasslands and meadows, cliff and riverine vegetation.
The plants and species of the regions
Based on a collection of about 1350 specimens during 1999, 2000 and 2004 to 2007, a total number of 607 vascular plant species were identified from this area belonging to 329 genera and 85 families. The Dicots with 469 species are the richest group of flora of the Jahan Nama Protected Area followed by Monocots with 119 species, Gymnosperms with 6 species and Pteridophytes with 13 species.
The species of the areas
The largest families in the area are Poaceae (53 species), Labiatae (50 species) and Brassicaceae (52 species), and the most diverse genera include Astragalus (16 species), Carex (11 species) and Veronica (11 species).
The florist composition of the area
The floristic composition of the area is strongly influenced by the large number of Euro-Siberian (boreal) elements in the mesonic parts and Irano-Turanian elements in the Juniper woodland and mountainous regions of the of the area.
Inhabitant of place
The area inhabited by several endemic plants of the Hyrcanian and Kopetdagh-Khorassan floristic provinces in addition to local endemics of the eastern and Central Alborz like Ferula glaucopruinosa (Rech. f.) Akhani comb. nov. and trees like Taxus baccata which is considered as a guarded and threatened species in Iran.
The important rivers
The most important rivers and springs of Jahan Nama Protected Area are: Sefid Rood, Tarkan, Mahzi, Chaar Baq, Ziyarat, Marsang, Sbumargah, Shahpasand, Haji Abad, Gachian, Mord Cheshmeh, Vara, Khosh Dasti, Kalichal, Qormehtou, Pazeebon.
The ancient relics
The water tank, ancient center of Kamarsarak and Jelingbling, Imamzadeh Razi and Marzieh, and the tower western of Radkan are remarkable in this area.
A tranquil village far from hustle and bustle of modern cities, Jahan Nama reminds tourists of the pristine landscapes in the Alps Mountain and gorgeous Switzerland countryside. Stretching in an area of 31,747 hectares and 3086 m above sea level, the preserved area offers the freshest verdant forests and outstanding wildlife haven.
Pioneered by Golestan National Park, it is the broadest conserved area in the province, organized by the Environment Organization since 1973 .
Among the oldest forests in the world, the Caspian Hyrcanian Forests, millions years old, signifies the geologic importance of the region.
Adventure seekers and backpackers will relish their clambering and exploring. Nothing would ever be more gratifying than conquering the highest lands and enjoying the magnificent views of the surrounding regions. Jahan Nama offers a panoramic view of the nearby towns of Kordkooy, Gorgan and Bandar-e Turkaman. If you are only interested in fresh air and are not into challenging activities, just stroll around the lush fields and fill up your lungs in cool air, a huge miss in urban areas.
Walk around to explore all the beauties of the untouched land; ask locals for directions to numerous cool springs here to take an exhilarating dip in cool waters.
Exploring the valleys is another fun thing here. But make sure to do it with a guide. In its meadows you will see herds of cattle, and flocks of sheep and horses. Here you can see three distinct colors, white clouds, green forests and brownish rocks in one place. The place is sometimes imposingly covered in dense fog, creating a picturesque view. The charming attraction allows for many snapshots.
Showcasing indigenous and traditional architecture, the land does not involve luxurious houses. Yet, you will fall in love with the plain cottages and comfortable houses.
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